ARISTOBULUS III


ARISTOBULUS III
ARISTOBULUS III (Hebrew name Jonathan; d. 35 B.C.E.), last Hasmonean high priest. His father was Alexander, son of aristobulus ii , his mother was Alexandra, daughter of Hyrcanus II, and his sister mariamne the Hasmonean, wife of Herod. Aristobulus was due to become high priest, but Herod was afraid of Hasmonean influence on the people, and appointed the Babylonian hananel in his place. Mariamne and Alexandra considered this appointment discrimination against the Hasmonean dynasty. According to Josephus, Alexandra asked Cleopatra, queen of Egypt, to intercede with Mark Antony on her son's behalf. Antony ignored her request, but he summoned Aristobulus on the advice of Delius, a Roman who had visited Jerusalem and admired both the lad's good looks and the beauty of Mariamne. Herod feared that this visit might endanger his regime, and wrote to Antony that if Aristobulus left Judea, anti-Roman riots would ensue. Antony consequently canceled Aristobulus' visit. Most of this story about Delius is probably not authentic. It appears in part to have been the invention of Herod's sister, salome , who wished to incite Herod against Mariamne, and in part a story that developed as a result of Cleopatra's advice that Alexandra send her son to Antony. In any event, Herod did change his mind, dismissed Hananel, and appointed Aristobulus, hoping thereby to keep him under supervision. However, when Aristobulus appeared before the people for the first time, dressed in the ceremonial garb of the high priest, on the Feast of Tabernacles in 36 B.C.E., he was welcomed with cries of joy and undisguised affection. Herod again saw Aristobulus as a threat to his power and resolved to murder him. Aristobulus was drowned in the baths at Jericho by Herod's soldiers. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Jos., Wars, 1:437; Jos., Ant., 15:21–64; 20:247 ff.; Klausner, Bayit Sheni, 4 (19502), 12–14; A.Schalit, Hordos ha-Melekh (1960), 61–66; A.H.M. Jones, The Herods of Judaea (1938), 37, 51–54. (Abraham Schalit)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Aristobulus III — (d. 35 BCE)    Hasmonean high priest. At the time he was due to become high priest, Herod the Great appointed Hananel in his place. Aristobulus mother, Alexandra (daughter of Hyrcanus II) asked Cleopatra to intercede for him with Herod. Hananel… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Aristobulus III of Judea — (b. 53 BC d. 36 BC) was the last scion of the Hasmonean royal house, brother of Herod the Great s wife Mariamne, and paternal grandson of Aristobulus II. He was a favorite of the people on account of his noble descent and handsome presence, and… …   Wikipedia

  • Aristobulus (disambiguation) — Aristobulus or Aristobulos may refer to:*Aristobulus, king of the Hebrew Hasmonean Dynasty from 104 103 BCE *Aristobulus II, king of Judea from the Hasmonean Dynasty (67 63 BCE) *Aristobulus III of Judea (d. 35 BCE), last scion of the Hasmonean… …   Wikipedia

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  • Aristobulus II — was the Jewish High Priest and King of Judea, 66 BC to 63 BC, from the Hasmonean Dynasty.FamilyAristobulus was the younger son of Alexander Jannaeus, King and High Priest, and Alexandra Salome. After the death of Alexander in 76 BC, his widow… …   Wikipedia

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  • Aristobulus — Aristobulos II. († 49 v. Chr. in Rom) war ein jüdischer König und Hohepriester der hellenistisch beeinflussten aristokratischen Sadduzäer. Nach dem Tod von Königin Salome Alexandra, seiner Mutter, im Jahr 67 v. Chr. wurde zunächst Aristobulos… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Antipater III — (fl. 1st cent.)    Son of Herod the Great. When Herod executed his other sons, Alexander and Aristobulus, Antipater was made Herod s heir. He was executed when his plan to murder Herod was revealed …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography


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